The counseling team is here to help you learn to manage your time more efficiently. 开始, 看看下面的建议, and don’t hesitate to discuss this topic further by scheduling an appointment with one of our 辅导员.

To explore areas in your life that will help you achieve the balance you need for a successful student experience, try out our Balancing 学生生活 Exercise (available through your 全球定位系统(GPS) pathway on BTC365参与).

时间管理技巧

技巧1:使用日历提前计划

我怎样才能让忙碌的几周看起来轻松些? 如何避免错过截止日期? How can I stop 感到内疚 when engaging in leisure activities instead of getting on with academic obligations?

提前计划. Using a calendar that allows you to plan ahead is crucial to managing a busy schedule. 在每个学期开始的时候, 对你的学业要有一个广泛的看法, 比如作业上交日期和考试日期, 上课时间和轮班, 并将它们输入到一个物理或数字日历中. You can mark these using color codes, which will allow you to quickly identify the type of task. Doing this will give you a clear visual of both open and busy times. It will be easier this way for you to identify time for leisure and other personal activities and engage in them without feeling worry or guilt.

以下是BTC365推荐的物理日历:

技巧2:设定最后期限和目标

你觉得截止日期有压力吗? 你是否觉得自己在追赶进度时效率更高?

Learning to see deadlines as allies can make a big difference in the way you tackle work. They provide a framework, promote action, drive priorities and promote accountability.

好习惯:

  • Plan your own personal deadline for a date that seems realistic and is not too ambitious.
  • Split heavy assignments into chunks that seem manageable and attainable throughout your calendar.

Aiming to completing work before it’s due can help you 1) meet your deadline, 2) have a buffer for if you are ever late when completing chunks as planned, 3)避免不必要的压力和焦虑.

This is particularly important when working on written assignments. 好文章需要时间编辑, and if the writing is completed without leaving time for revisions, 工作将会受到影响.

 

技巧3:制定每日待办事项清单

我怎么能觉得我知道今天要做什么? 我怎样才能感觉自己在推进一天的工作呢? 我怎么能觉得自己有所成就呢?

Maybe you trust your memory when it comes to following along with every day tasks. 也许是时候让你的记忆力休息一下了! Releasing your memory from that pressure by writing down a list of what needs to be accomplished each day can be a more productive way of getting things done.

Crossing off tasks once they are finished also provides a sense of relief and achievement which is a good way to encourage yourself to keep up with work, 特别是在具有挑战性的时刻.

技巧4:使用a-b-c方法来区分优先级

你觉得你知道从哪里开始吗? 你知道接下来要关注什么任务吗? 你有一个系统来决定如何区分优先级吗?

设置优先级. You can try the A-B-C method which works like this: Write down all your pending tasks and then assign each one an A, B或C.

A -必须在今天完成

今天能结束就好了

C -如有必要可以推到明天

Life might determine that a C-level task becomes an A-level task at some point, or you could find yourself with a new pending task to add to the list, but it’s OK to switch gears and update your list as well as your ranking.

技巧5:注意(并处理)拖延症

你觉得自己像一只在转轮上转圈的仓鼠吗, 或者陷入不做你需要做的事情的怪圈, 感到内疚, 怀疑和无助?

拖延是时间管理的共同敌人. It can have disturbing effects on college students such as problems with sleep, 但它也经常导致不充分的感觉, 怀疑, 焦虑和沮丧. 最重要的是, not learning ways to stop procrastination while being a student can lead to procrastination continuing to be a negative habit in future employment.

To tackle this problem, you can start by asking yourself this question:

我为什么要逃避工作?

You may tell yourself that the reason is because you don’t understand the assignment or the reading, or maybe you can’t seem to find the time to do the work or simply don’t want to do it. 在这些情况下, you could talk to the professor or other students and to help see things more clearly, or you could even join a study group that encourages you to work. 你可能还需要重新考虑你的优先级.

Sometimes procrastination has to do with a deeper issue and you could try asking yourself these questions:

  • What is it that I am really trying to avoid by not completing the work?
  • When I think of the task, what are the specific feelings that come up? 
  • 是我的完美主义倾向还是焦虑导致了延迟?
  • 我是否避免了任何人的任何可能的判断? 如果是这样的话,他的?
  • 如果我失败了会有什么后果?

The better you understand why you are procrastinating the clearer it’ll be how to tackle the problem. These may be difficult questions to answer on your own, so don’t hesitate to chat with one of our 辅导员

技巧6:一次只做一个项目

你认为多任务处理是完成更多事情的一种方式吗, but somehow end up feeling frustrated or like you are heading nowhere?

许多 文章 and studies explain the risks of multitasking and conclude that it is not an efficient system for most people. Both our ability to focus and the quality of our work suffer when attempting to do several tasks at the same time. Instead, concentrated focus is the best way to learn and produce high-level work.

Sticking to your priorities through your planner and to-do list can make a big difference. Choose to tackle one task at a time and you’ll find yourself being more efficient and feeling better about your work.

建议7:在最佳时间休息和工作

Do you tend to deprive yourself from breaks thinking this will help you finish a task, 但你还是没能完成? Do you push yourself to get things done at night when you know you focus better in the morning?

Being consistent is important in achieving things, but so is flexibility. 因为深度专注很累人, taking breaks is necessary when doing something that requires complete attention – especially when you notice a decrease in focus. Also, peak performance occurs when work is done during an individual’s prime work time. So, pay attention to what works best for you in terms of space and time of day.

While going on social media is often seen as a tempting way to unwind, consistent use of social media can actually reduce your ability to focus and learn effectively. Consider exercising, meditating or taking a short nap instead to increase your productivity.

这真的是一个平衡的问题. If you’ve worked on your planner and prioritized your to-do list taking into account your personal, 最佳聚焦时间, it’ll be easier for you to decide when to allow yourself breaks and when you will find yourself more energized and available for work.